Keynote speakers

Susanne Åkerfeldt
Senior Advisor, Ministry of Finance
Stockholm, Sweden

 Susanne Åkerfeldt has close to 30 years of governmental experience in managing projects on energy and environmental policy design. Her key focus has been to ensure the use of cost-efficient policy measures on the road towards a sustainable, low-carbon and resource-efficient society. She has been instrumental in fine-tuning the design of the Swedish carbon tax since the 1990s as well as pursuing green tax reforms. Her coordination work has included a wide range of extensive projects analyzing and designing economic instruments on energy and environmental policy, both nationally and at EU level. One of her major projects during recent years has been analysing the legal and practical feasibility of a Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism as an effective tool to avoid carbon leakage. From January 2021 until August 2022 she has been on leave from the Swedish Ministry of Finance, working as a policy officer at the European Commission/Directorate-General for Taxation and Customs Union. She’s been part of the team handling the Carbon Border Adjustment Mechanism file, being the lead drafter of the legal text of the Commission proposal.  

 Over the years Susanne has served as Sweden’s lead EU negotiator on energy and climate taxation issues and has worked extensively to improve and coordinate the design of EU tax and state aid legislation to better reflect the Polluter Pays Principle and to encourage Member States to use environmental taxes. She is also extensively engaged in global climate policy within the framework of the UN, with a focus on creating better policies for emerging and developing economies, as well as within the World Bank Group’s Coalition of Finance Ministers for Climate Action. She is the co-coordinator of the Subcommittee of Environmental Tax Issues under the UN Tax Committee during its 2021-2025 mandate and served as an expert in that committee during its 2017-2021 mandate, as a lead drafter of core chapters in The UN Handbook on Carbon Taxation.

 Susanne is an experienced international speaker and panellist and has taken part in a number of previous GCET conferences. She was the recipient of the 2020 Kreiser Award in recognition of her engagement and expertise contributing to the advancement of environmental taxation around the world. She has a LL.M. from the University of Uppsala and followed the standard Swedish step-by-step judicial career within the general court system before starting her career at the Ministry of Finance.

Antonio D’Aloia
Full Professor of Constitutional Law,
Parma, Italy

Antonio D’Aloia is full Professor of Constitutional Law at University of Parma. He teaches also Biolaw and Artificial Intelligence Law. He founded and coordinates University Center for Bioethics, and for years he has been working on the issues of sustainability, ecological transition, intergenerational justice, ethical and legal implications of scientific and technological progress (artificial intelligence, neuroscience and law, ethics of genome editing), equality policies. He has been a government consultant in various sectors, as European policies, social and territorial cohesion. He’s member of GEIG (Global Ecological Integrity Group), international network of scholars who deal with the problems of ecological integrity and environmental protection. Author of over 200 publications, he’s a member of the scientific committees of numerous legal journals.

Mikael Skou Andersen
Full Professor of Environmental Policy Analysis,
Aarhus University, Denmark

Mikael Skou Andersen is full professor of environmental policy analysis at Aarhus University’s Department of Environmental Science (Denmark). He is member and vice chair of the Scientific Committee of the European Environment Agency (EEA). 

Mikael Skou Andersen’s research interests are at the interface of comparative environmental politics and environmental economics, with a long-standing specialization on environmental taxation issues. His research has frequently been interdisciplinary, connecting policy, law and economics with competencies and models from the natural sciences and engineering, aiming to inform policy making. E.g. based on the EVA model and NordicWelfAir research project, figures for the external costs of air pollution are regularly provided to the government.

Mikael Skou Andersen is co-editor of ten international books, including “Climate Governance across the Globe: Pioneers, Leaders and Followers” (Routledge 2020), and of a special issue section in ‘AMBIO – A journal of environment and society’ (1/2022) surveying efforts in nine littoral states to limit agricultural nutrient pollution of the Baltic Sea.

Mikael Skou Andersen has contributed to numerous reports and papers for European institutions and international organizations, including “Green taxation and other economic instruments: Internalising environmental costs to make the polluter pay” (European Commission 2021) and “Green Fiscal ReformsStrengthening Inclusion and Facilitating the Green Transition” (World Bank 2022). Mikael Skou Andersen was PI of the recent Nordic Cooperation funded NOWAGG project (2017-21) “New Nordic Ways to Green Growth – Strengthening the foundation for technological green growth innovation policy”.

He obtained his PhD from Aarhus University and was a visiting scholar to Free University Berlin, Forschungsstelle für Umweltpolitik, and Wissenschaftszentrum Berlin.